IUD Birth Control Methods

IUD Birth Control Methods

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IUD, also known as an Intrauterine Device, is a birth control method that many women are opting for due to the increased safety of the modern designs offered by these devices. There are different types of these devices available on the market, and they are considered to be more than 99% effective in helping a woman avoid pregnancy after they have unprotected sexual intercourse. This particular type of birth control is not advised to be used together with other options, since some of the options on the market tend to include certain hormones that are usually found in contraceptive drugs, such as “the pill.”

What Is An IUD And How Does This Birth Control Method Work?

An IUD, or Intrauterine Device, is a small t-shaped product that is inserted directly into the uterus of a woman to prevent pregnancy when the sperm reaches the reproductive system of the female body. There are various types, with the most popular being Liletta, Mirena, Skyla, ParaGard, and Kyleena.

All of the popular types of IUD products, except for ParaGard, works in the same way. These small devices contain progesterone, a type of hormone that is also used in oral contraceptive medication, to assist in reducing the risk of sperm reaching and fertilizing an egg during ovulation.

In many cases, the use of an IUD that contains progesterone can help to reduce the heaviness of a period. This is especially useful for women who tend to experience heavier periods.

ParaGard is very similar to these options but does not release any hormones into the uterus or any other parts of the reproductive tract. Instead, ParaGard IUDs are covered with copper. This rather leads to a reaction in the woman’s immune system, which then helps to prevent sperm from reaching the fallopian tubes, where fertilization of the egg occurs.

Are There Risks And Side-Effects Associated With An IUD?

Some risks have been associated with certain types of IUDs that can be utilized as a birth control method. When a copper-coated option, which would be the ParaGard IUD, is used, then a woman may experience heavier periods than normal. This can be inconvenient and also lead to excessive bleeding.

It should be noted that some women have found that their IUD fell out. This is a risk factor primarily in younger women, as well as those who haven’t had children in the past. Furthermore, women who have a condition known as fibroids that affect their uterus may also be at a higher risk of their IUD falling out.


The IUD method for birth control is considered highly effective when inserted by a trained clinician and may even be used shortly after a woman has participated in unprotected sexual intercourse. The device is relatively simple to insert and can last for as long as 12 years to assist in preventing pregnancy when no adequate birth control methods like condoms are used. While effective, women do need to be aware of the potential risks associated with these devices when they consider the use of an IUD birth control option.