The conception has been a controversial issue in all religions. Since the beginning of civilization, procreation has been regulated by religious beliefs and the great religions have had one thing in common: procreation is the work of God. The sexual act is a sacred act that only the couple must perform to procreate, to conceive a pregnancy, without the pursuit of sexual pleasure.
The first monotheistic religions, believers in one God, have had as their main point the need for marriage to be able to agree on a sexual relationship, with the aim of procreating, of conceiving, the opposite of the objective of contraceptives: protection measure to avoid unwanted pregnancies.
Catholic Church view about contraception
According to the Catholic Church, believer of the 10 commandments written in the bible, conception is a mandatory act for the sexual act. From no point of view is it allowed to avoid conception voluntarily, because these are not the wishes of God.
In all the sacerdotal history of the Christian Catholics, the popes have denied the use of contraceptive, because it is an unnatural method, badly seen before the eyes of God, who according to the 10 commandments, main rules of the Christian religion, lust and the enjoyment of the sexual act is a sin.
Pope Francis, in statements made in 2015, has stated that the use of contraception is not allowed in the Catholic church, because man cannot decide under the creation of God, who has made the human body to procreate and continue the generations.
However, in his statements, I also emphasize that there are natural methods of contraception, such as sexual abstinence during the non-fertile days of women, and he also asked for greater responsibility on the part of parents who do not have any family planning.
Jewish view about contraception
In the Jewish religion, the issue has not been so controversial. In fact, in ancient Jewish civilizations, primitive methods of contraception were used, known as moj, which was a small portion of cotton fiber that was introduced into vaginas by women who wished to avoid conception. This method of contraception was not for all women, it was only for a small group of women who could be endangered by the existence of a pregnancy. According to the Talmud, the main norms of the Jewish religion, the moj should be used by this group of women:
- Minors who could be raped: Minors who had not yet been married could use this contraceptive method if they were at risk of being raped.
- Pregnant: Pregnant women could also use moj, because there was a belief that these women could get pregnant again.
- Women in breastfeeding: These women also had the right to use a contraceptive method, because conception decreases the amount of breast milk available.
At present, it is possible for a Jewish couple to use contraceptive devices. The probability of being able to approve its use is discussed by the rabbis. After requesting the use of contraceptives, the rabbis study the causes of the use of these contraceptive methods, putting as a priority, women who can put their health at risk if they conceive a pregnancy or if there is a risk of congenital malformations.
Contracepti in Hinduism
In Hinduism, destruction of an embryo is a sin furthermore making more children than one can afford also a sin. Modern family planning methods that are not killing an embryo are generally acceptable in Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. Islam supports natural methods of contraception under certain circumstances.